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Popular Punjabi Wedding Rituals that we love

November 24, 2021

Punjabis are straightforward yet carefree individuals...

Punjabis are straightforward yet carefree individuals who trust in communicating their feeling with energy. Like their tendency, Punjabiwedding rituals mirror their life theory. Punjabi weddings are beautiful,noisy, in some cases over the top, thrilling with heaps of chances for singingand moving one's heart out. Punjabi weddings might be straightforward orextravagant, yet they guarantee limitless fun and festivity. A large group ofpre and post wedding customs make a Punjabi wedding an extensive and agreeableissue. In spite of the fact that, Punjabis don't pass up on a chance to makejoyful, their weddings show their affinity towards sticking to age old customs,but with a customary contort to them here and there. From intricate lehengas tothe boisterous baratis, the 'dance till you drop' Sangeet to the incrediblywell disposed and energetically inviting host, a Punjabi wedding is similar toa genuine exciting coaster. Let take a look at the different wedding Rituals.


Pre- wedding Rituals


Roka and Thaka –


When all part of the marriage looks acceptable the bride of the groom's family visits the lucky man's place to offer the groom to betheir approval alongside different presents for the family like natural products, sweets, clothes, money otherwise called shagun and so forth Thiscustom is known as the Roka. The bride of the hour is for the most part notpresent at the Roka. The lucky groom's family responds the signal by visitingthe bride of the groom's family on a different day conveying gifts. The returnservice is known as Thaka. These two are for the most part calm issues withjust the nearby family going to it. The Roka function denotes the start ofconnection between the two families and for the most part starts with a littlepuja called Ardaas.




This ceremony marks the official engagement between the couple. This is often a grand ceremony and precedes the wedding by some monthsat least. Family and friends gather from both the bride’s and the groom’s sides. The bride is fed boiled rice and milk by the groom's family. Amidst acelebratory mood the couple exchanges rings. The sagai ceremony makes the matchan official one.


Shagunand Chunni Chadai


To mark the acceptance of the bride into the groom’s family, the Chunni Ceremonyis observed. A group of ladies arrive at the bride’s house on the morning ofthe Sagai or a day before. They bring with them the outfit that the bride is towear for the Sagai along with jewelry, sweets, fruit, mawa etc. They carry withthem the outfit that the bride is to wear for the Sagai alongside gems,desserts, organic product, mawa and so on Unique piece of the gift is an unpredictably adorned head scarf or Chunni. The Chunni is put on the bride'shead and her face is covered with it like a shroud. This function is known asChunni Chadana. She is then talented gems like bangles or neckbands that arefamily treasures by her mother by marriage who assists her with putting themon. A tiny dot of henna is applied on her palm to mark the ceremonyauspicious.. These gifts to the bride are known as Shagun.

Wedding Day Rituals

Jago– The night before the wedding, the family stays up till late at night and Jagois celebrated at wee hours of the morning. A brass or copper Khada is decoratedwith clay lamps. The maternal aunt or mami of the bride/groom carries thevessel on her head while another lady will try and shake it with a long stickhaving bells attached. The ladies sing Punjabi wedding songs and will visit houses of friends and relatives who feed them sweets. They then dance together before moving on to the next house.

Gana Bandhna –On the morning of the wedding day, at their respective houses, the bride and the groom attend a puja. After completion of the puja the priest ties a sacred thread or mouli to their right wrists. The mouli is tied around a betel nut and a shell known as Kaudi. It is knotted multiple times around the wrists to makeit difficult to untie later.

Chooda Chadana

Choodaa lludes to a bunch of red and ivory bangles for the most part in a bunch of multiples of four. The oldest maternal uncle of the bride plays an essential part to playin this service. The maternal uncle or mother sits for a havan during which thechooda are refined in fluid blend containing milk and flower petals. The headand face of the bride is covered during the ceremony as she is not supposed tosee the chooda until the moment of her wedding. The maternal uncle and his wifethen slip the Chooda into the bride’s hands. Other elderly members touch thechooda and give their blessings. Flower petals are showered on the bride. Sheis also gifted her wedding Lehenga by her maternal uncle at this time. Thesister-in-law, friends and sisters of the bride then ties in the Kalire aroundher wrist or to one of her bangles which are umbrella-shaped ornaments that areoften encrusted with coconut, dry fruits or dried betel nuts.

Haldi –  A paste made up of sandalwood, turmeric, rosewater and mustard oil is prepared. This paste is applied all over the bride’s body especially face, hands and feet bythe married ladies of the family. It is believed that the radiance from the shewill impart an everlasting glow on the bride’s face. A similar ceremony is alsoobserved at the groom’s house. The family members anoint each other with thesame paste and there prevails an atmosphere of happiness and gaiety.


Ghara Gharoli –After completion of the Haldi ceremony, the dried haldi paste is scrubbed offfrom the bride’s face and body. She is then taken to a nearby temple where sheis bather with pitchers full of holy water. This ritual is known as Ghara Gharoli. She then performs a prayer to the deity of the temple asking forblessings. She returns to her home and takes a proper shower and starts getting ready in her wedding finery. The same ritual is also observed by the groom’sside.


Sarbala– Sarbala refers to the caretaker of the groom. Generally a kid member of the family is chosen for this part and dons clothes similar to the groom. He the naccompanies the groom to the wedding.

Varmala–On entering the wedding corridor, the groom to beis driven towards the stage and he is made to remain upon a little platform. At the assigned muhurat the bride shows up at the stage and the couple tradelaurels. This is a thrilling service where there is rivalry among the differentsides to lift either the bride of the hour or the lucky groom higher so thatthe other can't put the wreath over their head.


Kanyadaan – During this age old Vedic ritual, the bride is given away by his parents to the groom. He requeststhe groom through Vedic mantras to take good care of his daughter and the groomaccepts the bride’s hand and promises her father that he will treat her withutmost love and respect throughout his life.

The wedding havan is lit which is the sacred fire. InHindu custom, the fire deity is the foremost witness of a wedding. The groom ishanded over a plate which has fourteen parallel lines drawn on a bed of flourwith a flower. The lines symbolize fourteen vows of a marriage. The priestoutlines these vows one by one through Vedic mantras; the groom repeats after him and erases one line with a flower bud.


Phere–Next, the couple gets up. Then ends of their dupattas are tied in a knot and they encircle the sacred fire four times. For the first three times, the brideprecedes the groom and for the final phera she has to follow the groom.


Lajahom–For this ritual, the bride’s brother pours puffed rice into her cupped hands.The bride and the groom then offer this to the fire together and seek the Fire God’s blessings. This ritual is repeated thrice.


Sindoor Daan–After completion of the Lajahom, the groom applies sindoor to the bride’s hair parting and ties the Mangalsutra around her neck. This completes the weddingrituals.

Post-wedding Rituals

Vidaai/Doli – The bride bids atearful goodbye to her family and throws handful of rice over her shoulder’s inher family’s direction. This way she expresses her gratitude towards them for taking care of her for so long. She is then sent off in a decorated car to herhusband’s home. This return bridal procession is known as Doli.


PaaniBharna – Onarrival of the Doli, the mother of the groom does an arti of the bride with apitcher of water. After each circle, the mother-in-law attempts to take a sipof water, but the bride prevent her from drinking. She finally relents after the seventh circle. She then crosses the threshold after overturning a pot ofrice with her right feet.

MoohDikhai –The couple is then taken to seek the blessings of the family deity. Next, thebride is seated and her veil is lifted for all of family and friends to see.The elders of the family then shower their blessings on the bride and give her gifts of cash and jewelry.


Reception – A lavish receptionparty is thrown by the groom’s family in honor of the newlyweds. A Punjabireception is an occasion of immense joy with scrumptious meals and high-spirited music


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